1. Tossup Social Science

What book explained how to undo the processes of condensation, displacement, representation, and secondary revision? It came in 1899, a few years after the death of the author's father, and includes some of the author's reactions. Its purpose was to uncover "the royal road to a knowledge of the unconscious."


The Interpretation of Dreams (or Die Traumdeutung)


Four Part Bonus

Identify the following terms and phrases as defined by Carl Gustav Jung:

A. It contains the whole spiritual heritage of mankind's evolution, born anew in the brain structure of every individual.

B. When this is strongly constellated, she softens the man's character and makes him touchy, irritable, moody, jealous, vain, and unadjusted.

C. The goal of this method is full confession--not merely the intellectual recognition of the facts with the head, but their confirmation by the heart and the actual release of suppressed emotion.

D. His own world is a safe harbor, a carefully tended and walled-in garden, closed to the public and hidden from prying eyes. His own company is the best.


A. Collective Unconscious B. Anima C. Cathartic D. Introvert


2. Tossup Fine Arts

She was unimpressed by Zuniga and Escamillo, who showed interest in her. She loved Don Jose, who eventually killed her. Name this gypsy cigarette factory worker who is an opera title character.




Five Part Bonus

Given a lyric from West Side Story, name the song it is found in:

A. The most beautiful sound I ever heard

B. I saw you and the world went away

C. Ev'ryone there will have moved here!

D. And I pity Any girl who isn't me tonight.

E. Hold my hand and we're halfway there Hold my hand and I'll take you there


A. Maria B. Tonight C. America D. I Feel Pretty E. Somewhere


3. Tossup Science

What organic substance, first chemically isolated in 1911, activates the secretion of gastric juice, contracts smooth muscle cells, and can cause swelling and itching? These chemicals are released from mast cells when allergy-causing antigens attach themselves to the mast cells, and they are responsible for producing allergy symptoms.




Four Part Bonus

Identify the following steroids:

A. A fat-soluble steroid which may be a factor in arteriosclerosis, it is often measured during health screenings in units of milligrams per 100 cubic centimeters of blood plasma.

B. The first therapeutic steroid, it is synthesized from foxglove and still used as a cardiac stimulant.

C. Obtained chiefly from yams in Mexico, it is used as a starting material for the synthesis of steroid hormones, including oral contraceptives.

D. Anti-inflammatory first used as a treatment for rheumatoid arthritis in 1948


A. Cholesterol B. Digitalis C. Diosgenin D. Cortisone


4. Tossup Mathematics - Thirty Seconds

If the angles of a triangle are all whole numbers of degrees, what is the largest possible measure for the second largest angle?


89 Degrees


Four Part Bonus

Make sure you include units in your answers. Find the following for an isosceles triangle with two sides of length 1 cm and an angle of 120 degrees:

A. The length of the missing side

B. The area of the triangle
C. The length of the altitude to the missing side

D. The length of a segment connecting the midpoint of the missing side to the midpoint of one of the 1 cm sides


A. Root 3 cm B. Root 3 over 4 sq cm C. 1/2 cm D. 1/2 cm


5. Tossup Literature

What sits looking over harbor and city on silent haunches and then moves on? It also, according to Carl Sandburg, comes on little cat feet.




Four Part Bonus

Answer the following questions about a poem written by John Keats in 1816 about reading the works of Homer:

A. Whose translation of Homer does Keats refer to?

B. Which Greek god of poetry is mentioned in the poem?

C. The experience of reading Homer is compared to the experience of which conqueror seeing the Pacific Ocean? He does not refer to Balboa.

D. The last line of the poem refers to what region in present-day Panama?


A. George Chapman B. Apollo C. Hernando Cortez D. Darien


6. Tossup Mathematics - Ten Seconds

Classified as curtate or prolate, what curves were first studied by Cusa and defined by Mersenne? Galileo attempted to find their areas by weighing pieces of metal, but did not believe the answer he got because it was so simple. This shape can be defined by the parametric equations:

x = a t - h sine(t) and y = a - h cosine(t) or by the path traced by following a point on a rolling wheel.




Four Part Bonus

A-C. What three straightedge and compass problems were attempted for thousands of years before being shown to be impossible?

D. What is the common name of the theorem which was proven by Andrew Wiles after mathematicians had worked on it for over three hundred years ?


A-C. Trisecting an angle, doubling a cube, squaring a circle D. Fermat's Last Theorem


7. Tossup Sports

When he was offered his current job for $20,000 per year, his response was, "Holy smokes. That's super." Who is the only graduate of Brown University to be selected as Sports Illustrated's Sportsman of the Year? He recently finished a tough season in which he defended his quarterback from media attacks, watched a cornerback suffer a spinal injury, and missed a bowl game for the first time since 1988, but he should break the record for Division I-A head coaching wins next year.


Joe Paterno


Four Part Bonus

Identify these commissioners of Major League Baseball:

A. A federal judge who handed out many popular decisions which were later overturned, he ruled baseball from 1920 until his death in 1944. His policy was "Never apologize, never explain", and he not only kicked players out of the league for gambling--he kicked out an owner as well.

B. Governor of Kentucky before and after being baseball commissioner, he stood for the inclusion of Jackie Robinson despite the owners' objections. As a politician, he supported the Dixiecrats and George Wallace.

C. A former president of Yale University who died less than one year into his term, he was thought very highly of during his reign but is remembered as the man who banned Pete Rose.

D. Former owner of the Milwaukee Brewers and current commissioner who presided over the cancellation of the 1994 World Series


A. Kenesaw Mountain Landis B. Albert Benjamin Happy Chandler C. A. Bartlett Giamatti D. Allan Bud Selig


8. Tossup Literature

What play ends with the line "Yes, let's go" but the stage direction "They do not move"? It begins with the line "Nothing to be done," which is also spoken by Estragon. It was first performed in 1952 and written by Samuel Beckett.


Waiting For Godot


Five Part Bonus

Identify the Shakespeare play each of these quotes can be heard in:

A. Cowards die many times before their deaths; The valiant never taste death but once.

B. To sleep: perchance to dream: ay, there 's the rub: For in that sleep of death what dreams may come, When we have shuffled off this mortal coil, Must give us pause

C. Men have died from time to time, and the worms have eaten 'em, but not for love.

D. Let 's talk of graves, of worms, and epitaphs.

E. When he shall die Take him and cut him in little stars And he will make the face of heaven so fine That all the world will be in love with night And pay no worship to the garish sun.

A. Julius Caesar B. Hamlet C. As You Like It D. Richard III E. Romeo and Juliet


9. Tossup Science - Thirty Seconds

By what factor will time be dilated for an object moving at the square root of 3 over 2 times the speed of light?




Four Part Bonus

Identify these astronomy terms:

A. If there is too much gravity in the universe, it will end in this, which will be the Big Bang in reverse.

B. The method of calculating the distance to objects by measuring apparent shifts in their positions.

C. A rapidly rotating neutron star that gives off beams of energy.

D. The Sun's apparent path around the celestial sphere during a year.


A. Big Crunch B. Parallax Method C. Pulsar D. Ecliptic


10. Tossup Religion

Who in the Bible was given fourteen thousand sheep, six thousand camels, a thousand yoke of oxen, a thousand donkeys, seven sons, and the three most beautiful daughters in all the land? These come after he curses the day he was born but does not, as Satan had predicted, curse the Lord.




Four Part Bonus

Identify these men, all of whom were very important in the history of Christianity:

A. Just before his victory at the Milvian Bridge in 312 AD, he claimed to see a cross in the sky with the Latin words for "In this sign you will conquer."

B. To defeat temptation one day in the early sixth century, he threw off his clothes, jumped into a patch of nettles and briars, and rolled around until he was covered in blood. He would later start the monastery of Monte Cassino.

C. When he joined a Dominican order in 1244, his family kidnapped him and sent a woman into his cell in an attempt to get him to break his vows.

D. Two months into law school in 1505, he was caught in a terrible storm. He vowed that if he survived the storm he would become a monk.


A. Constantine B. (Saint) Benedict (of Nursia) C. Thomas Aquinas D. Martin Luther


11. Tossup Mathematics - Thirty Seconds

This problem has nothing to do with limits. What do you get when you simplify the fraction quantity f(x+h)-f(x) end quantity divided by h if f(x)=x3?


3x2 + 3xh + h2


Four Part Bonus

Evaluate the second derivative at x=0 for each of the following functions:

A. x2+x+1

B. e5x

C. x times the sine of x

D. 1 over the quantity x-1


A. 2 B. 25 C. 2 D. -2


12. Tossup Literature

What writer involved himself in a major seventeenth century controversy by arguing that literature evolves along with civilization and that therefore the works of writers such as Moliere were better than the works of ancient Greeks and Romans? Give the real name of this writer whose great works include Puss in Boots and Little Red Riding Hood and who was known as Mother Goose.


Charles Perrault


Four Part Bonus

Given a moral from Aesop's Fables, state the type of animal in the story:

A. It is easy to despise what you cannot get.

B. Greed oft o'er reaches itself.

C. Look before you leap.

D. Gratitude is the sign of noble souls.


A. Fox B. Goose C. Frog D. Lion


13. Tossup Science

What nineteenth century Russian chemist first gained fame studying natural gas and saccharic acid? In 1840 he announced the law which would be named after him, which was a forerunner of the Law of Conservation of Energy. It states that the amount of heat involved in producing one chemical from another is always the same, no matter how many stages are taken to obtain the desired product.


Germain Henri Hess


Four Part Bonus

Given the formula of an acid, name it:

A. H2CO3

B. H2SO3

C. HN3

D. H2C2O4


A. Carbonic B. Sulfurous C. Hydrazoic D. Oxalic


14. Tossup History

Who, after seeing the effects of eighteen pregnancies on her mother, quit her job as an obstetrical nurse in 1912 to become an activist? She started a short-lived magazine called The Woman Rebel and opened the first birth-control clinic in the United States. In 1921 she founded the American Birth Control League, which later became Planned Parenthood.


Margaret Sanger (also accept Higgins or Slee)


Five Part Bonus

Identify these union leaders:

A. Organizer for United Mine Workers and cofounder of IWW known for the slogan "Join the union, boys."

B. Started the American Federation of Labor and was president from 1886 to 1924 except for 1895

C. President of the United Mine Workers of America from 1920 until 1960 and chief founder and first president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations
D. President of the AFL-CIO from their merger in 1955 until his retirement in 1979

E. President of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters from 1957 to 1971


A. Mary Harris Mother Jones B. Samuel Gompers C. John L. Lewis D. George Meany E. James Riddle Hoffa


15. Tossup Miscellaneous

Characters in what comic strip include Bob, Dawn, and Rex the Dinosaurs, the Garbage Man, Asok the Intern, and Tina the Tech Writer?




Five Part Bonus

Identify these Doonesbury characters:

A. He is a former zombie who was recently a very unsuccessful presidential candidate.

B. He referred to college as 'the best nine years of my life' and has been employed recently as a nanny.

C. This reporter's key assignments have included Vietnam War sports, Ronald Reagan's brain, Yasser Arafat's beard, and Yap! sound bites.

D. The spokesproduct for the tobacco industry

E. She has channeled Lorna Doone and Hunk-Ra, and her acting credits include the portrayal of a young Barbara Bush.


A. Uncle Duke B. Zonker Harris C. Roland Burton Hedley III D. Mr. Butts E. Barbara Ann Boopsie Boopstein


16. Tossup Literature

Who loves, among others, Rokujo, Hanachirusato, and the Akashi Lady? He was the protagonist in what some people consider the first modern novel, written by Lady Murasaki Shikibu toward the start of the 11th century.




Four Part Bonus

Identify these Greek tragedies by Aeschylus:

A. Unique in that it concerns historic events during Aeschylus' lifetime, it ends with Xerxes returning defeated to Asia.

B. The third in a trilogy, it ends with a royal family's demise when two brothers kill each other in battle.

C. The title character returns victorious from the siege of Troy with a concubine but is killed by his wife Clytemnestra.

D. The protagonist, while being punished by Zeus, is visited by Oceanus, Oceanus' daughters, Io, and Hermes.


A. (The) Persians B. Seven Against Thebes C. Agamemnon D. Prometheus Bound


17. Tossup Fine Arts

What artist, who lived from 1889 to 1985, described his work as 'pictorial arrangements of images that obsess me'? Some of his most common subjects were the Old Testament, his wife Bella Rosenfeld, and his childhood hometown of Vitebsk in Russia. He painted the ceiling for the Paris Opera and two murals for the Lincoln Center in New York City.


Marc Chagall


Five Part Bonus

Identify these museums:

A. Which museum opened in Washington, DC in 1993?

B. Which museum opened in Lausanne, Switzerland in 1993?

C. The Tate Gallery of the North opened a museum in what city by the Mersey River in 1988?

D. Which museum reopened in Paris in 1986?

E. Which New York City art museum relocated to Madison Avenue in 1966?


A. Holocaust Memorial B. Olympic C. Liverpool D. Orsay E. Whitney Museum (of American Art)


18. Tossup Science

Which hominids became extinct about 1.5 million years ago? This genus name comes from the location of the first discovered fossil, a young child found in 1924. The most famous fossil was named after a Beatles song.


Australopithecus (first discovered fossil in South Africa, austra- means southern)


Five Part Bonus

Identify the following people important in the evolution of the Theory of Evolution:

A. His Philosophie Zoologique presented the theory of transformism in 1809

B. He worked in Indonesia and agreed to present his results at the same time as Darwin

C. This major botanist was considered Darwin's chief advocate in the United States

D. This Nobel Literature Prize winner wrote that evolution was the expression of a vital impulse in his book Creative Evolution

E. This popularizer of evolutionary theory has spoken of the Panda Principle and in 1972 presented the idea of punctuated equilibria with Niles Eldredge


A. (Jean Baptiste de) Lamarck B. Alfred R. Wallace C. Asa Gray D. Henri Bergson E. Stephen Jay Gould


19. Tossup Mathematics - Thirty Seconds

Find the lowest positive value of x that makes f(x)=3 for the function f(x)=3+5 cos ((pi/8)(x+1)).




Five Part Bonus

Determine whether the following functions are even, odd, both, or neither:

A. y = cosecant x

B. y = sine (pi times the quantity (x-2))

C. y = 0

D. y = 1 if x is rational, and y = 0 if x is irrational

E. y = the integral from 0 to x of t2dt


A. Odd B. Odd C. Both D. Even E. Odd


20. Tossup History

Who was eulogized by his colleague in 1883 as "the best-hated and most-slandered man of his age"? He was expelled from France twice, denounced his Prussian nationality, and was evicted from his house in London. He had attended a high school under police surveillance in 1835 in Trier before becoming a prophet of Dialectical Materialism.


Karl Marx


Four Part Bonus

Identify the following groups associated with the French Revolution. Give the English names for the first three and the French name for the last one:

A. This group, which had not met since 1614, met in 1789.

B. This group wrote the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.

C. The French government from 1795 to 1799

D. Rivals of the more moderate Girondins, their name came from sitting on higher benches.


A. Estates-General B. National Constituent Assembly C. Directory D. Montagnards


21. Tossup Computers

What major web site first went online Labor Day 1995? A few months ago, George Arthur Cruz and Hen Ben Haim were among the first people to be arrested for using it illegally. On the other hand, the internet mogul who launched it has gotten five billion dollars and married the woman whose trading of Pez dispensers gave him the idea for it.




Five Part Bonus

Identify these new economy billionaires:

A. Owns the Experience Music Project and Portland Trailblazers

B. Multibillionaire CEO of Oracle Corporation

C. His company sells about one billion dollars in computers each year over the internet

D. Founder of Amazon.com

E. Founder of Ameritrade who was worth close to five billion dollars before he lost a few billion


A. Paul Allen B. Larry Ellison C. Michael Dell D. Jeff Bezos E. J. Joe Ricketts


22. Tossup Language Arts

What words have characteristics of both verbs and adjectives? They function as adjectives but have tenses and can take an object. They often end in -ing, -ed, or -en.




Four Part Bonus

Identify these language arts terms:

A. Informal language of conversation

B. Expression tired from overuse

C. Use of words suggesting a meaning different from their literal meaning often acheived by understatement or hyperbole and used in satire

D. Choice of words to achieve a purpose and make meaning clear


A. Colloquial(ism) B. Cliche C. Irony D. Diction


23. Tossup Politics

Who said, "Hitler, Mussolini, Stalin, Mao, Idi Amin, Castro, Pol Pot--all these monsters began by confiscating private arms, then literally soaking the earth with the blood of tens and tens of millions of their people. Ah, the joys of gun control"?


Charlton Heston


Five Part Bonus

Answer the following questions about our Chief Justice, William Rehnquist:

A. As a clerk in the 1950s, he argued that which case should be reaffirmed instead of accepting Brown vs. the Board of Education of Topeka?

B. In the 1960s, a federal prosecutor called him the principal source of the harassment of minority voters in which city?

C. In 1980, he supported a law calling for the display of what in every public classroom in Kentucky?

D. He created a controversy in 1999 by leading a sing-a-long of which tune?

E. In 2000, he refused to recuse himself from hearings and decisions involving which corporation that his son helps to represent?


A. Plessy vs. Ferguson B. Phoenix C. The Ten Commandments D. Dixie E. Microsoft


24. Tossup Science

Give the common name for the type of substance defined in 1932 by W.H. Zachariasen. It is formed by cooling a liquid without allowing its molecules into a crystal structure. The resulting solid exhibits luster, transparency, and durability.




Four Part Bonus

Answer the following questions about the element mercury:

A. Name both of the nonhalogen elements that form compounds with elemental mercury

B. Name either of the elements above mercury in group 12 of the periodic table

C. What term is often used for mercury with metal dissolved in it? It is used for, among other things, tooth cement.

D. What term for mercury comes from the Greeks, who equated liquid with living?


A. Oxygen and Sulfur B. Zinc or Cadmium C. Amalgam D. Quicksilver


25. Tossup Literature

The New York Times wrote the following four days after the death of which writer: "There has died and been buried in this city, during the current week, at an advanced age, a man who is so little known, even by name, to the generation now in the vigor of life that only one newspaper contained an obituary account of him, and this was but three or four lines... The latest book, now about a quarter of a century old, Battle Pieces and Aspects of the War, fell flat, and he has died an absolutely forgotten man... It was the romance and the mystery of the great ocean and its groups of islands that made so alluring to his own generation the series of fantastic tales in which these things were celebrated." He died in 1891.


Herman Melville


Four Part Bonus

Given a character, name the author:

A. Harry Angstrom

B. Adam Dalgliesh

C. Horatio Hornblower

D. Sam Spade


A. John Updike B. P.D. James C. C.S. Forester D. Dashiell Hammett


26. Tossup Spelling

Spell the name of the revenue office in medieval England and modern United Kingdom. It contains two of the five rarest letters in the English language and the most common letter three times.




Five Part Bonus

Identify these words that begin with the letter Q:

A. Thick-shelled American clam

B. Controversial term for a person of one-fourth African ancestry

C. Complex or precarious position from which disengagement is difficult

D. Complex number consisting of one real and three imaginary units

E. Share or proportion assigned to each in a division or to each member of a body


A. Quahog B. Quadroon C. Quagmire D. Quaternion E. Quota


27. Tossup Science

What is the name for a substance in which a steady electric field can be set up with a negligible flow of current? Titanium dioxide and ruby mica are examples of this type of substance, which is used to increase capacitance.



Four Part Bonus

Answer the following questions about inductors:

A. What is the shape of an inductor?

B. What is the SI unit of inductance?

C. What simple formula gives the amount of energy stored in an inductor?

D. What should be put in a simple circuit with an inductor to get oscillating current?


A. Coil B. Henry C. 0.5LI2 (L is inductance, I is current) D. Capacitor


28. Tossup Literature

Which novel's protagonist is Adam Sunraider, a race-baiting senator raised by an African American preacher? There are two versions of the book, one that is 350 pages available in bookstores and another that is several times longer available at the Library of Congress. Name this posthumously published Ralph Ellison book whose name is taken from the annual celebration of African American emancipation.




Five Part Bonus

Identify these repeat members of Oprah's Book Club given their selected books:

A. Song of Solomon, Paradise, and The Bluest Eye

B. The Best Way to Play, The Treasure Hunt, and The Meanest Thing to Say

C. A Map of the World and The Book of Ruth

D. I Know This Much Is True and She's Come Undone

E. Ellen Foster and A Virtuous Woman


A. Toni Morrison B. Bill Cosby C. Jane Hamilton D. Wally Lamb E. Kaye Gibbons


29. Tossup Mathematics - Thirty Seconds

Find the largest three-digit number whose digits multiply to give 128.




Four Part Bonus

Jack has only dimes, nickels, and pennies--no quarters. Given the following constraints, find out how many dimes he has:

A. 9 coins worth 48 cents

B. 10 coins worth 59 cents

C. 10 coins worth 91 cents

D. 11 coins worth 31 cents


A. 3 B. 5 C. 9 D. 0


30. Tossup History

Who died in virtual obscurity in London in 1940, twenty years after his following was estimated at two million people? In 1920, he led an international convention with representatives from twenty-five countries followed by a parade of fifty thousand people through Harlem. This native of Jamaica was the founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association.


Marcus Garvey


Five Part Bonus

He is always in the news for one reason or another. Answer the following questions about Jesse Jackson:

A. He is a minister of what religion?

B. Jackson was often associated with what economic branch of the SCLC?

C. What does PUSH stand for in Operation PUSH?

D. What was the popular name of the Washington, DC position Jackson took in 1990?

E. Both Sides with Jesse Jackson airs on which cable channel?


A. Baptist B. Operation Breadbasket C. People United To Save Humanity D. Shadow Senator E. CNN (Cable News Network)