1998 Technophobia III -- Packet by Kentucky


1. Recently some music researchers discovered a composition lost since the reign of Queen Victoria. Answer these questions about it, for ten points each.

A. Identify the composer, Victoria's favorite, of the newly unearthed piece, entitled `Sonata in D major for Two Pianos.'

Answer: Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy

B. For the two piano parts Mendelssohn chose as performers himself and this composer of the `Praeludum.' For 10 points name this performer, Mendelssohn's sister.

Answer: Fanny Hansell-Mendelssohn

C. Researchers found Mendelssohn's `Sonata' in this building; name this structure, the world-famous library of Oxford College.

Answer: Bodleian Library

2. Answer the following questions about the life and works of the British poet George Crabbe, 10 points each.

A. Crabbe was able to pursue a literary career largely through the patronage of this political philosopher most famous for his Reflections on the French Revolution.

Answer: Edmund Burke

B. Perhaps Crabbe's best known poem is `The Village,' a harsh reply to what Crabbe considered the pastoral oversimplification of this man's `The Deserted Village.' Name this man, also known for She Stoops to Conquer.

Answer: Oliver Goldsmith

C. Another of Crabbe's poems is `The Borough,' in which this character, a brutal fisherman, is depicted. Name this character, later the subject of an opera by Benjamin Britten.

Answer: Peter Grimes

3. It is a little-known fact that George Washington was not the first president of the United States; rather, he was the first president of the United States under the Constitution. Under the Articles of the Confederation, however, seven men preceded him as President of the United States. Identify these three for 10 points each.

A. The first President of the United States was this Maryland congressman. Identify this man enshrined in Statuary Hall, who bears no relation to the musical act which bears his surname.

Answer: John Hanson

B. The fifth President was this man, a general perhaps best remembered for leading the army into an ambush by Little Turtle on the banks of the Wabash river in 1791.

Answer: Arthur St. Clair

C. The fourth President was Virginian, famous to viewers of 1776 as the man who proposed American independence and who later helped pass the Declaration of Independence.

Answer: Richard Henry Lee

4. Identify the following seemingly unrelated chemical elements from descriptions on a 10-5 basis.

A. 10 points: Discovered in 1923 in zircon, this element is present in small amounts in most zirconium compounds. It is used in incandescent lamps, as a `getter' for nuclear control rods, and in alloys with iron, titanium, and niobium.

5 points: Named for the ancient word for Copenhagen, this element has the atomic number 72.

Answer: Hafnium

B. 10 points: A rare-earth metal of transition Group IIIb, it is one of the most paramagnetic substances known, and is used as a component of some electronic devices, while its trivalent ion has been used as a catalyst for ortho-para hydrogen conversion.

5 points: With atomic number 67, this element was named for the Swedish hometown of its discoverers.

Answer: holmium

C. 10 points: Discovered in 1907 by Georges Urbain and Carl Auer von Welsbach, who called it `casseiopeium,' this rare-earth metal is found in the compounds xenotime and euxenite.

5 points: With atomic number 71, the more common name of this element was derived from the ancient name for Paris.

Answer: lutetium

5. Possibly one of the most heinous acts of betrayal in Greek mythology occurred when the son of Pelops seduced the wife of his brother, a betrayal which was gruesomely rewarded.

A. First, for 10 points, name this brother of Atreus, whose sons conceived on Atreus's wife Aerope were fed to him in a banquet.

Answer: Thyestes

B. Thyestes got revenge by secretly raising this son of Atreus, thought to be dead, and later sending him to kill Atreus, knowing that the boy would die in the process. For 15 points, name this son of Atreus.

Answer: Pleisthenes

C. Thyestes later seduced his own daughter and produced a son by her who would later cause untold amounts of grief for a son of Atreus. For a final five points name this man, who later seduced Agamemnon's wife Clytemnestra.

Answer: Aegisthus

6. Identify the following works of Stephen Crane from a brief description, 10 points each.

A. A Swede comes to Nebraska looking for some dime-novel Wild West excitement, but finding none, provokes several fights which result in his death.

Answer: The Blue Hotel

B. Scratchy Wilson, an old-time gunfighter, tries to recapture some of his old glory in his sparring with Sheriff Jack Potter, but when he gets the drop on Potter only to discover that he doesn't even carry a gun, he finally realizes the old days are over.

Answer: The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky

C. The dialogue between a reporter, a cook, an oiler, and a ship's captain forms most of the plot of this work, in which the tragedy of a maritime disaster is increased when one of the four men dies just as he is about to reach safety.

Answer: The Open Boat

7. Since Mohammed died without a male heir there was a question as to who would succeed him. While Ali, his son-in-law, pressed his claim, the rule of the Moslem community ultimately passed to someone else. For 10 points each:

A. Name this man, whose brief reign from 632 to 634 saw the completion of the Koran and the Wars of the Apostasy.

Answer: Abu Bakr

B. Abu Bakr was the father of this woman, the favorite wife of Mohammed in whose company he died. Name this woman, who later rebelled against the caliphate of Ali before being captured at the Battle of Camel and put under house arrest.

Answer: Aisha

C. Abu Bakr was succeeded by this man, father of another of Mohammed's wives, Hafsa, who ruled the Moslem community for 10 years until assassinated by a Persian slave in 644.

Answer: Umar I

8. This bonus will test your knowledge about the people and things associated with the investigation of the planet Neptune. Answer the following for 10 points each.

A. The existence of Neptune was postulated mathematically by this astronomer. Name this man, who mistakenly attempted to explain the unusual orbit of the planet Mercury by conjecturing the existence of a large asteroid, which he named Vulcan.

Answer: Urbain-Jean-Joseph Le Verrier

B. The Great Dark Spot and several satellites were discovered during the 1989 flyby of this space probe.

Answer: Voyager 2

C. The second moon of Neptune to be discovered was found by this man, who also found the satellite Miranda and the existence of a disk-shaped belt of comets orbiting the Sun at a distance of 500 to 1,000 astronomical units.

Answer: Gerard Kuiper

9. Identify the following rivers which may be found in England, for ten points each.

A. Originating with the confluence of the Ouse and Trent rivers, this inlet of the North sea runs beside such ports as Kingston upon Hull, Grimsby, Immingham, and Goole.

Answer: Humber

B. This river rises in the Cotswolds of Gloucestershire and winds eastward before meeting the North Sea at The Nore. London lies beside this river, whose tributaries include the Churn, Coln, and Mole rivers.

Answer: Thames

C. Formed at Stockport by the junction of the Goyt and Tame, it drains large areas of the Lancashire and Cheshire plains before entering the Irish Sea. The cities of Manchester and Liverpool lie beside it.

Answer: Mersey

10. The knee-jerk answer when the words `Italian film director' are uttered is `Fellini,' doing a grave injustice to several other directors who aren't nearly as terrible as Fellini. Identify these other Italian directors, 10 points each.

A. This director has made such films as Europa, Rome, the Open City, and Germany Year Zero. He is perhaps better known for his lovely daughter, who has appeared in such films as Immortal Beloved and Blue Velvet.

Answer: Roberto Rossellini

B. This man has appeared as an actor in such films as Andy Warhol's Dracula, 1957's A Farewell to Arms, and Anna of Brooklyn, which he also directed. He is better known for such films as Gate of Heaven and The Bicycle Thief.

Answer: Vittorio de Sica

C. This director of 120 Days of Sodom, this man is better known for such Medieval and Classical films as The Decameron, The Canterbury Tales, Medea, and Edipo Re.

Answer: Pier Paolo Pasolini

11. Around the 9th century a broad division had emerged in the French language between the speech of the north of Gaul, which had suffered most from the invasions, and that in the more stable and cultured south. This division resulted in two distinct dialects of French, classified by the word used for `yes.'

A. For 10 points identify the dialect, also known as Francien, which became the basis for modern French.

Answer: langue d'oil

B. Modern French descended from langue d'oil, though this language, also known as Occitan, was used extensively in the songs of the troubadours.

Answer: langue d'oc

C. Langue d'oc is the basis for this modern dialect spoken in southern France by over a million people, including residents of the department of France from which the language gets its name.

Answer: Provencal

12. In a single manuscript dated circa 1400 there are preserved four poems, all thought to be written by one anonymous poet who is now given two names, each derived from one of the works he has supposedly written. For 15 points each:

A. One of the works from which this poet has acquired a name is this work, the story of a Knight of the Round Table and his temptation to commit adultery on his way to play the beheading game with a mysterious man.

Answer: Sir Gawain and the Green Knight

B. The Gawain poet's other name comes from this work, a dream vision in which a jeweler is consoled for the loss of his daughter, allegorically represented by the title object; the poem is actually written in the shape of the object.

Answer: Pearl poet

13. One of the most interesting men in history has got to be the English admiral Robert Blake, who, though forgotten today, shouldn't be. Answer the following questions about this remarkable man, 10 points each.

A. In 1640 he was elected to this body, convened from April 13 to May 5, 1640, whose abrupt dismissal hastened the progress of the English Civil War.

Answer: Short parliament

B. Blake held his parliamentary seat through the Long parliament and Rump Parliament, finally being elected to this Parliament before its dissolution by Cromwell . Name this skeletal Parliament also known as the `Nominated' parliament.

Answer: barebones parliament

C. Though an able commander on land, it is as an admiral that Blake managed a total defeat of the Royalist fleet commanded by this man at Cartagena in 1650. Name this general who was defeated at Marsden Moor and Naseby by Cromwell.

Answer: Prince Rupert of the Rhine

14. Identify the following effects from physics from a brief description for 10 points each.

A. Defined as a sudden increase in the flow of an electrical current through a nonconducting or semiconducting solid when a sufficiently strong electrical force is applied, this effect is responsible for the phenomenon of breakdown in insulators and in semiconductors.

Answer: avalanche effect (NOT the Zener effect! Maribeth will explain this phenomenon to you upon request.)

B. Demonstrated experimentally by the Einstein-de Haas or the Barnett method, this effect is the change in the magnetization of a magnetic substance produced when the angular momentum of the atoms of the substance changes when subjected to a strong magnetic field.

Answer: gyromagnetic effect

C. Discovered in 1934 by Willard Harrison Bennett, this effect is the self-constriction of a cylinder of an electrically conducting plasma formed when an electric current is passed through a gaseous plasma, setting up a magnetic field that tends to force the current-carrying particles together.

Answer: pinch effect

15. Answer the following questions about the study of a disease, for 10 points each.

A. In 1905 Fritz Schaudinn and Erich Hoffmann found the Treponema pallidum, the organism responsible for this illness. Name this venereal disease, also known as the French disease.

Answer: syphilis

B. In 1907 this man earned a Nobel Prize for his blood serum test for syphilis.

Answer: August von Wassermann

C. In 1910 Paul Ehrlich discovered this compound, arsenic compound 606, which provided a complete cure for syphilis.

Answer: salvarsan

16. Identify the author from works, 30-20-10.

A. 30 pts: Three Cities: Lourdes, Rome, Paris; Therese Rauquin

B. 20 pts: Nana, The Dram-Shop; The Downfall

C. 10 pts: Germinal; the letter J'Accuse

Answer: Emile Zola

17. Identify the following French generals from their exploits in the first World War, for 10 points each.

A. He showed great brilliance in his counterstroke at the Marne, though his apparent lack of preparedness at Verdun resulted in his being relieved of command in 1916, on the same day as he was made a marechal of France.

Answer: Joseph Jacques Cesaire Joffre

B. Joffre's right hand man at the Battles of the Marne, Ypres, and the Somme, he was originally forced into retirement by Joffre's dismissal. After the disasters of Second Somme he was made Supreme Allied Commander and coordinated the defeat of Ludendorff in 1918.

Answer: Ferdinand Foch

3. Succeeding Petain at the battle of Verdun, this man replaced Joffre in 1916 and attempted a major offensive in 1917, whose failure caused widespread mutiny in the French armies and resulted in his replacement by Petain.

Answer: Robert Nivelle

18. Forced by his fiancee to see Good Will Hunting, the author of this packet emerged from the experience nauseated, though as a consolation he acquired the idea for this bonus. Answer the following questions about mathematics mentioned in that film, 10 points each.

A. Professors at MIT are alerted to the genius of their janitor when he solves one of a series of problems named for this man, a French scientist who invented it to show how the conduction of heat in solid bodies may be analyzed.

Answer: Jean-Baptiste-Joseph de Fourier

B. When described to psychiatrist Sean McGuire, played by Robin Williams, Hunting is compared to this Indian prodigy who taught himself mathematics from an old textbook but lived in obscurity until discovered by Godfrey Hardy. His contributions to the theory of numbers include pioneering discoveries of the properties of the partition function.

Answer: Srinivasa Ramanujan

C. Friction develops between McGuire and the MIT professor who discovers Hunting due to a supposed jealousy of this prize won by the professor, an award equivalent to the Nobel prize among mathematicians awarded every four years to mathematicians under 40.

Answer: Fields medal

19. Identify the poet, 30-20-10.

A. 30 points: This man won Pulitzer Prizes for poetry collections A Further Range in 1936 and A Witness Tree in 1942.

B. 20 points: In 1925 he won his first Pulitzer for his New Hampshire: A Poem with Notes and Grace Notes

C. 10 points: In 1914 he published the collection North of Boston, which contained such poems as `Mending Wall,' `The Death of the Hired Man,' and `After Apple-Picking.'

Answer: Robert Frost

20. While not one of the nation's most brilliant generals, General Nelson Miles managed to take part in some of the most interesting events in United States history. Identify these people and events from Miles's career, for 10 points each.

A. Miles was a brigadier general in time to command part of Grant's army in this May 5-7, 1864 battle, in which the Union Army suffered an appalling 15 percent casualty rate at the hands of Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia.

Answer: Battle(s) of the Wilderness

B. A major player in the so-called Indian Wars following the War Between the States, in 1877 he defeated this Sioux leader at the Battle of Wolf Mountain. Name this leader who died while attempting to escape confinement on a reservation, most famous for directing the massacre of Custer at Little Bighorn.

Answer: Crazy Horse

C. Following the Spanish American wars Miles made a nuisance of himself via his vociferous opposition to the efforts of this man, Secretary of State under Roosevelt, to reform the armed forces. Name this man, whose later deeds while Secretary of State earned him a Nobel Peace Prize in 1912.

Answer: Elihu Root

21. Over the course of the summer the NHL has seen quite a bit of roster reshuffling, with some pretty big stars from several teams relocating to new clubs. Identify the recently transplanted player from clues, for 10 points each.

A. Philadelphia recently sent this high-profile so-called defenseman to Chicago, perhaps with the intention of finding a player who can actually play defense. Name this man, the highest scoring defenseman in NHL history.

Answer: Paul Coffey

B. The start of this season has seen this player sniping for the Dallas Stars. Name this goal-producing right wing, formerly the mainstay of the St. Louis Blues.

Answer: Brett Hull

C. For this season the Carolina Hurricanes have acquired, or, more appropriately, re-acquired, this quiet superstar from the Pittsburgh Penguins. Name this man, who carried Hartford in the 80's before playing with Mario Lemieux and Jaromir Jagr for most of the nineties.

Answer: Ron Francis

22. Identify the following art movements on a 5-10-15 point basis.

A. 5 points: `Announced' by Filippo Marinetti in 1909 in the Paris Newspaper Le Figaro, it was mainly centered in Italy and emphasized the dynamism, speed, energy, and power of the machine and the vitality, change, and restlessness of modern life in general. Painters who worked in this style were Umberto Boccioni, Carlo Carre, Luigi Russolo, Giacomo Balla, and Gino Severini.

Answer: Futurism

B. 10 points: named by Guillaume Appolinaire, who used the term to describe the work of the Symbolists, this was a trend in Cubist painting that gave priority to colour. Among the painters working in this style were Robert Delauney, Fernand Liger, Francis Picabia, and Marcel Duchamp.

Answer: Orphism

C. 15 points: Also known as Luchism, this principally Russian art movement was founded by Mikhail Larionov, who painted its first work, `Glass,' in 1909 and wrote the movement's manifesto in 1912. A synthesis of Cubism, Futurism, and Orphism, it was concerned with spatial forms which are obtained through the crossing of reflected beams from various objects.

Answer: rayonism

23. Identify the following heresies of the early church, 10 points each.

A. This heresy, also known as Cataphrygianism or New Prophecy, was started circa 156 by a Phrygian after whom it was named, who went into self-induced trances in which he claimed the paraclete, or spirit of truth, manifested itself in him. Its most famous convert was Tertullian of Carthage.

Answer: Montanism

B. Started by a British clergyman after whom it was named, this heresy asserted the essential goodness of human nature and the freedom of will, denying the concept of original sin. Its later leaders included Celestius and Julian of Eclanum, against whom Augustine of Hippo engaged in unbridled literary polemic; and it was finally stamped out by the Council of Ephesus in 431.

Answer: Pelagianism

C. The name of this early heresy is derived from the Greek for `to appear' or `to seem.' Some of its members of this set believed that Jesus did not really die on the cross but was replaced by Simon of Cyrene or by Judas Iscariot; more believed that Christ was never human at all, but an illusion so that God could appear directly to humanity in human form.

Answer: Docetism

24. Heuristics are strategies that can be applied to a variety of problems, usually - but not always - yielding a correct solution. People often use heuristics that reduce complex problem solving to more simple judgmental operations. Given three of the most popular heuristics used in matter of personal finance, identify them, 10 points each.

A. Using this heuristic items are placed into categories based on a perceived characteristic rather than through actual qualitative research. An example is the determination computer would be considered among those items which cost more than refrigerators or those costing less based on its size, reasoning that things which are smaller than refrigerators tend to cost less than refrigerators do.

Answer: representative heuristic

B. This heuristic is used to evaluate the frequency or likelihood of an event on the basis of how quickly instances or associations come to mind. An example would be a person's overestimating the divorce rate if he or she can quickly find examples of divorced friends.

Answer: availability heuristic

C. People who have to make judgements under uncertainty use this heuristic by starting with a certain reference point and then modifying it insufficiently to reach a final conclusion. An example is a person assessing the price of a modem using his the price of his own as a starting point; depending on the price of his modem, the price of the other may be over- or underestimated.

Answer: anchoring and adjustment (accept anchoring heuristic)

25. Answer the following questions about a historical people on a 15-10-5 point basis.

A. 15 points: Though they called themselves Ruman, a reference to their own beliefs that they descended from the Romans who occupied Dacia in the second and third centuries, this people was given the name by which they are now known from the Slavs. Playing a major part in the formation of the Second Bulgarian empire, these people inhabited Transylvania before moving on to the area that would eventually become Romania. For 15 points name these people, who still make a small percentage of Romania and Moldova.

Answer: Vlachs

B. One of the constituent parts of Roomania was this province, whose name is derived from the Vlachjs, which was founded by Radu Negru in 1209. For ten points, name this region, which was united with Moldavia to form modern Romania.

Answer: Walachia

C. Perhaps the most famous ruler of Walachia was this man, the fervent opponent of Turk Sultan Mehmet II, whose fame is built on his favorite grisly method for execution of his enemies. For 5 points, name this man, known as `the Impaler,' whose name was made famous by an 1897 novel.

Answer: Vlad tepes or Vlad III or Dracula

26. To get himself pysched up to play at an ACF event, the author of this packet likes to listen to a tape he has made of some popular songs which he finds inspirational. Identify the musicians of the following songs which may be found on this tape, 10 points each.

A. Song three on the tape is the song `Am I Evil?', a Diamondhead song remade by this band and originally placed on their first album, Kill 'Em All, though it is not included on later releases of the album.

Answer: Metallica

B. Also on the tape is the extremely mellow `Wandering Stars' by this band, taken from their album Dummy.

Answer: Portishead

C. Since he once had it running through his head during the entirety of the 1996 UT-Dallas tournament, and since his team placed second there, the song `Straight On' was put on the tape for good luck. Though dubbed from the band's greatest hits album, it was originally on their Dog and Butterfly.

Answer: Heart