1998 Technophobia III -- Caltech Packet I


1. Name these Supreme Court cases dealing with the separation of powers for ten points each.

A. (10) In this 1944 case, Justice Black argued that the compulsory exclusion of citizens of Japanese ancestry was constitutionally suspect, but justified during circumstances of `emergency and peril.'

Answer: Korematsu v. United States

B. (10) In this 1935 case, known as the `sick chicken' case, the Court ruled that Section 3 of the National Industrial Recovery Act, which empowered the president to implement industrial codes, was an unconstitutional delegation of legislative authority.

Answer: Schechter Poultry Corp. v. U.S.

C. (10) The defendant in this 1957 case refused to give information about former Communists to the Un-American Activities Committee since he believed such questions were beyond the authority of the committee. The court ruled in his favour under the due process clause of the Fifth Amendment.

Answer: Watkins v. U.S.

2. Answer the following about Philip Nolan for the stated number of points:

A. (5) For 5 points--Philip Nolan is the title character of what short story by Edward Everett Hale?

Answer: The Man Without a Country

B. (10) Philip Nolan may have been based on--for 10 points--what Democratic Ohio Congressman who, while running for governor in 1863, was exiled from the country for criticizing the government?

Answer: Clement L. Vallandigham

C. (15) For 5 points for one, or 15 points for both, give the title and author of the poem which chokes up Philip Nolan with this verse:

`Breathes there the man with soul so dead
Who never to himself hath said,
This is my own, my native land!
Whose heart hath ne'er within him burn'd
As home his footsteps he hath turn'd
From wandering on a foreign strand?'

Answer: The Lay of the Last Minstrel by Sir Walter Scott

3. Identify the following questionable works of art for ten points each.

A. (10) Bearing the name of a miraculous bird in Romanian legend, it is usually known by a more prosaic name. In 1923, U.S. customs would not allow one version of this slender polished bronze statue to be admitted duty free because it was not a work of art.

Answer: Bird in Space or Maiastra

B. (10) Although the sculptor was a founding member of the Society for Independent Artists, their 1917 exhibition refused this work signed R. Mutt. The artist called it a brilliant `ready-made' sculpture; the society called it a urinal.

Answer: Fountain

C. (10) Occupying Sonoma and Marin Counties from 1972-1976, this enormous creation consisted of two million square feet of nylon fabric, 90 miles of steel cables, and more than two thousand steel poles.

Answer: Running Fence

4. Answer the following about quasars, for ten points each:

A. This Caltech astronomer first identified quasars by detecting their highly redshifted spectra.

Answer: Maarten Schmidt

B. Current theories suggest that quasars are the active cores of primordial galaxies containing these supermassive objects.

Answer: Black holes

C. Quasars produce their power through this process, by which galactic matter falls into the gravity well of the central black hole, radiating energy through various forms of interaction.

Answer: accretion

5. Identify the following for ten points each:

A. (10) This French priest and paleontologist wrote on mammalian evolution, but his more significant philosophical works such as The Phenomenon of Man were suppressed by the Jesuit order during his lifetime.

Answer: Pierre Teilhard de Chardin

B. (10) Teilhard believed that evolution was a metaphysical process converging to this Godlike final state.

Answer: The Omega Point

C. (10) This Tulane physics professor, originally in a scholarly article and later in the popular book `The Physics of Immortality,' suggested that the Omega Point can occur in certain types of collapsing universes.

Answer: Frank Tipler

6. 30-20-10 name the man.

A. (30) A stunt car driver who later did camera work for D.W. Griffith, he served as the chief photographer for President Woodrow Wilson at Versailles.

B. (20) His reputation for creating charged scenes filled with dramatic action was made with such films as Red Dust and Treasure Island in the 1930's.

C. (10) He is most famous for directing two 1939 films, The Wizard of Oz and Gone With the Wind.

Answer: Victor Fleming

7. Diamonds are a girl's best friend, but orchids are nice too. Answer the following about them for ten points each.

A. (10) Since they are flowering plants, orchids belong to this broad classification of plants which produce seeds within a closed ovary.

Answer: angiosperms

B. (10) Orchid roots are unique among the angiosperms since they possess a multi-layer epidermis which provides support, prevents water loss, and assists the plant in absorbing water. For ten points, name it.

Answer: velamen

C. (10) This flavouring agent is the only economically important product derived from orchids, specifically those in its namesake genus.

Answer: vanilla

8. Baby-switching is more common than one might think. Identify these instances of mixed-up children for ten points each.

A. (10) In this 1889 work, the Duke of Plaza-Toro stole the heir to the throne of Barataria in order to keep him from becoming a Wesleyan Methodist, and his governess Inez substituted her own little boy, leading to great confusion.

Answer: The Gondoliers, or the King of Barataria

B. (10) In this Verdi opera, Azucena tearfully tells Manrico that he is not her son, but the brother of the Count di Luna. Instead of killing Manrico as she had meant to do, she threw her own child onto the fire.

Answer: Il Trovatore or The Troubador

C. (10) Twenty-eight years before the action in this play, Miss Prism placed her manuscript in the perambulator and the baby in a handbag which she left in the cloakroom of a London railway station. That baby, who turns out to be the `title character' after all, was Jack Worthing.

Answer: The Importance of Being Earnest

9. Identify these rivers of Siberia for 10 points each.

A. Flowing over 2700 miles from a small lake west of Lake Baikal to the Laptev Sea in the Arctic Ocean, this river is the longest in Russia and one of the longest in the world.

Answer: Lena

B. Beginning at the confluence of the Biya and Katun rivers, it flows northwestward across western Siberia over 2200 miles before emptying into the Kara Sea.

Answer: Ob

C. This river, over 1750 miles long, forms part of the border between Russia and China before turning northeast across Russia and emptying into the Tatar Strait near Sakhalin.

Answer: Amur or Heilongjiang or Kharamuren

10. Answer the following about the author of The Princess Bride for 10 points each:

A. Who wrote The Princess Bride?

Answer: William Goldman

B. Goldman's book claims to be only an abridgement of whose `classic tale of true love and high adventure'?

Answer: S. Morgenstern

C. Goldman claims that the Cliffs of Insanity in The Princess Bride inspired the most popular scene in what movie which won him an Oscar for Best Original Screenplay, in which the two title characters jump off a cliff?

Answer: Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid

11. Mayor Rudolph Giuliani and former Police Commisioner William Bratton are credited with implementing new policies that have had a dramatic effect on reducing crime rates in New York City.

A. Their policies were based on this theory, which states that police should aggressively pursue small infractions and signs of disorder, such as graffiti on walls or jumping subway turnstiles.

Answer: Broken Windows theory

B. One of the authors of the `Broken Windows' theory is a UCLA political science professor, and the other is probably the nation's most prominent criminologist. Name either of them for ten points.

Answer: James Q. Wilson or George L. Kelling

C. Wilson and Kelling first published their `Broken Windows' theory in an article appearing in the March 1982 issue of this magazine, which was founded in 1857 and is still headquartered in Boston.

Answer: Atlantic Monthly

12. Name the following composers of musical portraits for the stated number of points.

A. (5) 13 of his 14 `Enigma Variations' are portraits of friends, the exception being his own musical self-portrait.

Answer: Sir Edward William Elgar

B. (10) His `Five Portraits' suite contains portraits of his friend Picasso, painter Nicolas de Chatelain, and American conductor Alexander Smallens, among others.

Answer: Virgil Thomson

C. (15) The prelude to this Russian pianist and composer's `Kammenoi Ostrow' depicts his island home, where the twelve persons depicted had on one occasion all been gathered together.

Answer: Anton Grigoryevich Rubinstein

13. Given rulers from Egyptian history, identify the dynasty of which they were a part, for ten points each:

A. 2570-2450 BC; Cheops (Khufu), Chephren (Khafre), Mycerinus (Menkure)

Answer: Fourth (4th)

B. 1554-1305 BC; Thutmose III, Akhenaton, Tutankhamen

Answer: Eighteenth (18th)

C. 1305-1196 BC; Seti I, Rameses I, Rameses II

Answer: Nineteenth (19th)

14. Your bonus.

A. (10) For ten points, identify the red-haired female musician who learned to play the piano at two, entered the Peabody Conservatory at five, and had her first big hit at twenty-eight with the album ~Little Earthquakes.~

Answer: Tori Amos

B. (10) Tori Amos is a big fan of this English author of comic books including the `Sandman' series, and mentioned him in one of her songs.

Answer: Neil Gaiman

C. (10) This character in the `Sandman' series predates Neil Gaiman's friendship with Tori, but Tori Amos is widely considered to have been a model for the later development of this character's personality.

Answer: Delirium

15. It's time for Name that Nun! For ten points each:

A. (10) As played by Sally Field, this is the real name of the cheeky, charming Flying Nun.

Answer: Sister Bertrille

B. (10) Although the body of this nun from Lourdes was said to never have been embalmed in any way, doctors said she was `perfectly preserved' thirty years after her death, making her sainthood a shoo-in.

Answer: St. Bernadette of Lourdes

C. (10) `In an old house in Paris that was covered with vines,' this cool fictional nun-to-be took care of twelve little French girls and a dog named Genevieve.

Answer: Miss Clavel

16. For ten points each, tell me how you would convert between each of the following temperature scales.

A. (10) Celsius to Kelvin

Answer: Kelvin = Celsius + 273.15 or equivalents

B. (10) Fahrenheit to Celsius

Answer: Celsius = 5/9 * quantity (Fahrenheit - 32) or equivalents

C. (10) Kelvin to Rankine

Answer: Rankine = 5/9 * Kelvin or equivalents

17. Identify these people whose heads were in demand for ten points each.

A. (10) When Salome's stepfather Herod Antipas said he would give her anything she wanted, Salome asked for the head of this man on a platter.

Answer: John the Baptist

B. (10) The Lady of the Lake gave Excalibur to King Arthur, but asked a favor in return. The request turned out to be the head of this knight.

Answer: Sir Balin

C. (10) This son of Shiva and Parvati had his head cut off in a battle. To appease Parvati, Shiva agreed to cut off the head of the first living creature he came across and attach it to their son's body.

Answer: Ganesha (accept: Ganapati)

18. Identify these characters from Uncle Tom's Cabin for 10 points each.

A. Uncle Tom's wife is the cook for the Shelby household. Separated from Tom when he is sold, she works for years to save money to finance his repurchase, but he dies at the hands of Simon Legree before she can do so.

Answer: Aunt Chloe

B. A parallel story in the novel deals with one family's escape to avoid being split up when their young son is sold along with Tom. The husband, a skilled factory hand and inventor, is a fair-skinned mulatto who can pass for a white man. His wife makes a daring escape from bounty hunters, leaping from one ice floe to the next to cross the Ohio river while carrying their child. Name this couple, who eventually reach safety and freedom in Canada.

Answer: George and Eliza Harris

19. Name these things you might see in the great state of Wisconsin for ten points each.

A. This building near Spring Green, formerly the home of a famous architect, houses a school of architecture and is named for a Welsh bard.

Answer: Taliesin East

B. (10) While the Norwegians flock to perform the Song of Norway at the Cave of the Mounds near Mount Horeb, the Swiss hold an annual pageant in New Glarus dedicated to the worship of this Schiller work.

Answer: William (Wilhelm) Tell

C. (10) The home of Caroline Augusta Woodhouse became an official state historical site because she is the title character of what Newberry-award winning book by her daughter, Carol Ryrie Brink?

Answer: Caddie Woodlawn

20.Identify these major Aztec deities who are not Quetzalcoatl, for 10 points each:

A. (10) He was the god of rain, thunder, and lightning. His name means `He Who Makes Things Sprout.'

Answer: Tlaloc

B. (10) This god of the night sky, whose name means `Smoking Mirror,' expelled Quetzalcoatl from his center of power and drove him across the sea. Each year a handsome young prisoner was chosen to represent this god and live the good life for a year before becoming an involuntary heart donor.

Answer: Tezcatlipoca

C. (10) This sun god's name literally meant `Hummingbird of the Left,' or less literally, `Resuscitated Warrior of the South.' His animal was an eagle and it was he who told the Aztecs where to found Tenochtitlan.

Answer: Huitzilopochtli

21. British production studio Aardman Animations is quite busy these days. Answer the following for ten points each.

A. (10) Aardman Animations is best known for three short films, `A Grand Day Out,' `The Wrong Trousers,' and `A Close Shave' that star, for five points each, what wacky inventor and his dog?

Answer: Wallace and Gromit

B. (10) Aardman's first full-length claymation feature, which will be released in the summer of 2000, will feature the voices of Mel Gibson as Rocky, a Rhode Island Rooster, and Julia Sawahala as Ginger, a plucky British chicken. For ten points, name it.

Answer: Chicken Run

C. (10) Aardman designed a four minute video for this band's song `Viva Forever,' animating the band's members as tin toys in a fantasyland filled with clockwork chickens and giant Rubik's cubes.

Answer: Spice Girls

22. Name these publishing empires for fifteen points each.

A. (15) The 1997 purchase of this American publishing house, which represents Norman Mailer, John Updike, and Michael Crichton, from Advance Publications for 1.4 billion dollars made Bertelsmann AG the largest non-textbook publisher in America.

Answer: Random House

B. (15) Three reclusive siblings from Stuttgart own this enormous publishing empire which owns premier New York houses Holt, St. Martin's, and Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Answer: Georg von Holtzbrinck Publishing Group

23. Answer these related questions, for the stated number of points.

A. (10) The 1990 Hugo Award winner for the best science fiction novel was patterned after the Canterbury Tales, centering on stories told by 7 people on a pilgrimage to see the Shrike. For 5 points each, identify the novel and its author.

Answer: Hyperion and Dan Simmons

B. (10) The novel contains several references to a well-known epic poem of the same name, with the planet's capital city being named for the poet. For 10 points, name this romantic poet.

Answer: John Keats

C. According to Hesiod's Theogony, this Titan was the mother by Hyperion of Helios, Eos, and Selene.

Answer: Thea or Theia