George Washington

George Washington Penn Bowl VIII:
George Washington

1. He wrote angry denunciations of Julius Caesar and elegies for the wife of his friend Calvus and for his brother. However, this Verona-born poet will forever be remembered for a series of 25 poems written between 61 and 54 BC. FTP, identify this Roman poet who wrote of his mistress Lesbia, famous for such works as Odi et amo.
ANSWER: Gaius Valerius Catullus

2. An unknown art critic expressed relief at the site of a Donatello sculpture and inadvertently named an emerging art movement. Taking inspiration from Paul Gauguin and Henri Rousseau, its paintings are distinguished by dark outlines, stark colors, and distortion. FTP, identify this art movement, whose painters included Andre Derain, Maurice de Vlaminick, and most famously Henri Matisse.
ANSWER: Fauvism or la Fauve or Fauvist s

3. Since the Revolution, it has been divided into five départements [DAY-pahr-tuh-monts]: Manche, Calvados, Orne, Eure, and Seine-Maritime [mah-re-TEEM]. Known for cream dishes and apple cider, it contains the port cities of Le Havre and Cherbourg and its historic capital of Rouen [ROO-ahn]. FTP, name this historic region in the north of France, most often associated with World War II and William the Conqueror.
ANSWER: Normandy or la Normandie

4. It was first isolated by Sir Humphrey Davy in 1808 though it was identified as an element by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in 1774. A deoxidizer in copper refining and a remover of sulfates in salt brines, its presence after the bombardment of uranium was a clue to the recognition of nuclear fission. FTP, identify this alkaline earth metal, famous as an opaque medium in X-rays, atomic number 56.
ANSWER: Ba rium

5. This half brother of Titu Cusi [KOO-see] succeeded him as ruler of Vilcabamba, and blamed a clergyman for his brother's death. He had all local Catholic churches levelled and some Spanish officials killed. This caused the Spanish to occupy Vilcabamba and he was hunted down and hung in Cuzco. FTP, identify this last Inca emperor, whose name has been synonymous with rebellion in Peru ever since.
ANSWER: Tupac Amaru

6. Recently, 12 of its members were arrested outside the US Capitol for setting fire to bales of hay as part of a protest. The group has numerous celebrity spokespersons, including talk show hostess Ricki Lake and actress Betty White. FTP, identify this leading animal-rights lobby.
ANSWER: P eople for the E thical T reatment of A nimals

7. His odd first name is simply the name of his father spelled backwards. A native of Whittier, California, this 24 year-old Georgia Tech grad knocked in 122 runs and hit 35 home runs with a .322 average in 1998, an improvement on 1997, when he became only the 6th man ever to win a unanimous Rookie of the Year Award. FTP, identify this starting shortstop for the Boston Red Sox.
ANSWER: Nomar Garciaparra

8. Staged as pro-fascist propaganda in France and given a Marxist spin by Bertolt Brecht, it recalls an episode from the late 5th century BC as depicted by Plutarch. Neither the scheming tribunes, the easily manipulable mob, nor the aristocratic title character, who betrays his home city are very sympathetic. FTP, identify this Shakespearian tragedy.
ANSWER: Coriolanus

9. Before the publication of this work, most cultural anthropolgists dealt almost exclusively with primitive culture. This 1929 field study of social stratification had two sequels, one that dealt with the effects of the=
Great Depression. FTP, identify this seminal book, the study of a fictional Midwest city based on Muncie, Indiana, written by Robert Staughton and Helen Lynd.
ANSWER: Middletown : A Study in Contemporary American Culture

10. In some stories she is the daughter of the sky god An; in others, her father is moon god Nanna. Associated with the morning star, she forms a triad with Shamash and Sin. Her worship included temple prostitution, particularly in her cult center of Erech. In some later myths she became Queen of the Universe. FTP, name this Akkadian counterpart to the Canannite Astarte, the goddess of war and sexual love.
ANSWER: Ishtar or Inanna

11. Symptoms may include excessive calcium or potassium in the bloodstream, weight loss, and low blood pressure. It is a consequence of an insufficient level of corticosteroids and can be caused by tuberculosis. FTP, identify this disease characterized by insufficiency of the adrenal cortex, whose most famous sufferer was President John F. Kennedy.
ANSWER: Addison's disease

12. Toppled by an earthquake in 224 BC, it was designed by the sculptor Chares. Supported by iron rods and placed on stone blocks, it was built to honor the sun god Helios. FTP, identify this 120-foot high sculpture, which once stood in the harbor on the island of Rhodes.
ANSWER: the Colossus of Rhodes

13. Highly vulnerable to degeneration when penetrated even slightly by enemy formations, it was nonetheless a frightening spectacle, and useful as it required no true officer corps. Developed by the Sumerians but perfected during the 5th century BC by the Greeks, it was used even after the advent of gunpowder. FTP, identify this military tactical formation, best known in the hoplite form practiced by the Greeks and Romans.
ANSWER: phalanx or phalanges

14. A figure in the Wallace Stevens poem "Peter Quince of the Clavier," she was accused of adultery for rejected the advances of two elders. When she was about to be stoned to death, Daniel saves her by arguing for her. FTP, identify this Biblical woman, a favorite of Renaissance artists and the title character of an apocryphal book.
ANSWER: Susanna

15. Kevin McCarthy plays the bad guy. Gedde Watanabe is a game show host, Fran Drescher a secretary turned reporter, Victoria Jackson a patient girlfriend, and a pre-Seinfeld Michael Richards plays an unforgettable kid's variety show host. This cult classic centers around the rise of a nearly defunct TV station rescued by a creative but easily distracted hero. FTP, identify this 80s film starring "Weird Al" Yankovic. ANSWER: UHF

16. Although best known for poetry, he wrote the ballet Tom and the play Santa Claus , and is known for the novel The Enormous Room . FTP, identify this 20th century American poet, famous for his use of satirical tone and slang and, most notably, for eccentric use of typography.
ANSWER: e(dward) e(stlin) cummings

17. Its two branches are called the "Black," or "Mouhoun" and the "White," or "Nakambe." It's twisting course cause the Portuguese to name it for their word for "turn." Part of it is now a hug lake due to the construction of the Akosombo dam complex. FTP, identify this river system which drains most of the waters of Togo, Burkina Faso, and Ghana.
ANSWER: Volta River

18. A recent court decision struck down a Massachusetts law as well local laws preventing states and cities from doing business with this country, passed in reaction to the suppression of the National League for Democracy by the ruling miltary junta, SLORC [slork]. FTP, name this Asian nation, in which five Americans were jailed for distributing anti-SLORC leaflets, the home nation of Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi.
ANSWER: Burma or Myanmar

19. One man was murdered during a series of three bank robberies on October 19, 1864. The culprits were about 25 Confederate soldiers, odd considering they were well north of Gettysburg. A Union posse pursued the soldiers into Canada and captured them, but had to return them, straining relations between the US and Canada. FTP, name the northern Vermont town that lent its name to this incident.
ANSWER: St. Albans , Vermont

20. Circular in plan, they are made of high-strength, steel-reinforced concrete. Designed by Cesar Pelli to house a government-run oil consortium, the buildings have 88 usable stories and rise to a height of 1,483 feet. FTP, name this pair of buildings, now considered the tallest in the world, located in Kuala Lumpur. ANSWER: Petronas (Twin) Towers

21. In the early 1900s, oranges were ripened by "curing" the fruit in sheds equipped with kerosene stoves. Fruit growers believed it was the heat ripening the fruit, but new clean-burning stoves didn't work. The ripening was actually caused by a gaseous byproduct of kerosene combustion. FTP, name this plant hormone. ANSWER: ethylene or ethene or C2H4

22. A cut in price by firm A may lead to an equal cut by firm B with reduced profits, but firms are not price takers. Competition, if no cartel is formed, tends to manifest itself in advertising, product differentiation and other forms unrelated to price. Good examples of it are found in the steel and aluminum industries. FTP, identify the economic condition in which a small number of firms control a market.
ANSWER: oligopoly

23. It looks like this woman has finally had it with her husband. Not surprising, since he's been linked to various celebrities during their twenty year relationship, including Uma Thurman and David Bowie. But now that he's apparently impregnated a Brazilian model, she's filing for divorce. FTP, name this woman, who may or may not be the second wife of Mick Jagger.
ANSWER: Jerry Hall

24. He wrote a three volume overview of English economic history and was imprisoned for his satiric poem "The Shortest Way With the Dissenters." But this editor of the newspaper The Review is better known for his historical reconstruction Journal of the Plague Year. FTP, identify this English author of Moll Flanders and Robinson Crusoe.
ANSWER: Daniel Defoe

25. His plane was shot down over Bouganville Island in the Solomons in 1943 as a result of the so-called "Purple" code intercepts. One of the first to be aware of the paramount importance of the aircraft carrier in modern warfare, he was pessimistic about the ability of his nation to defeat the US in a protracted war. FTP, identify this Japanese admiral, the architect of the attack on Pearl Harbor.
ANSWER: Adm. Yamomoto Isoroku

26. It is considered to be a binary star whose parts rotate about once every 5.6 days. One component is a blue supergiant ; the nature of the other, invisible, component is unknown. Discovered in 1971, the binary system radiates superheated X-rays supposedly caused by massive gravitational forces. FTP, identify this binary, thought to contain a black hole, located in the same constellation as Deneb.
ANSWER: Cygnus X-1

27. This romantic philosopher was a foremost figure in idealism, publishing his System of Transcendental Idealism in 1800. He held a pantheistic view of the universe, in which "nature is visible spirit and spirit is invisible nature." FTP name this German, the author of Of Human Freedom and The Philosophy of Art.
ANSWER: Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling

28. The name's the same: Sir John was an English admiral and privateer who helped defeat the Spanish Armada. His son, Sir Richard was also a naval hero and member of Parliament, known for his sake of Valparaiso, Chile and his subsequent imprisonment. Screamin' Jay was an eccentric blues musician, known for "I Put a Spell on You." FTP, give the common surname of these and musician Sophie B.
ANSWER: Hawkins

29. This innovator developed the Spring operating system, and owns Chorus. Much of its revenue comes from the sale of machines based on the SPARC [spark] microprocessor. Its NFS file system is the industry standard, something this company is trying to duplicate with its Java programming language. FTP, name this computer company currently suing Microsoft.
ANSWER: Sun Microsystems, Inc.

30. He spent the 70s making albums such as Double Fun and Pressure Drop, scoring minor hits like "Every Kinda People" and "Bad Case of Loving You." His big break came when he fronted the Duran Duran side project Power Station and followed that up with the album Riptide. FTP, name this singer, now famous for surrounding himself with identical-looking foundation-laden women in the video for "Simply Irresistible."
ANSWER: Robert Palmer
Penn Bowl VIII:
George Washington

1. Answer the following questions about moons of Saturn, 10 points each.
a. This largest moon is the only satellite in the solar system with a substantial atmosphere.
b. This small moon is best known for resembling the Death Star in Star Wars, due to a massive 130km crater, remnant of a collision that nearly blew it apart.
c. This "two-faced" moon has one side black as pitch, and the other highly reflective.
ANSWER: Iapetus

2. Salman Rushdie isn't the only author to anger Islamic militants. 10 points each.
a. This Bangladeshi feminist, author of Shame , fled to Sweden after she was quoted in a newspaper as saying that the Qur'an should be "revised thoroughly."
ANSWER: Taslima Nasrin [nah-SREEN]
b. This Egyptian Nobel laureate was stabbed by militant Islamists who found his The Children of Gebelawi blasphemous.
ANSWER: Naguib Mahfouz
c. Rushdie found himself again under attack, this time by militant Hindus, for the publication of this 1995 novel, which ridicules a key Hindu nationalist.
ANSWER: The Moor's Last Sigh

3. Given the maiden name of a United States first lady, name her famous husband, 10 points each.
a. Edith Bolling GaltANSWER: (Thomas) Woodrow Wilson
b. Lucy Ware WebbANSWER: Rutherford B. Hayes
c. Claudia Alta Taylor ANSWER: L yndon Baines Johnson

4. Identify these composers from works on a 15-5 basis.
a. [15]New Grand Overture, Three Apparitions, Via Crucis
[5] Hungarian Rhapsodies
ANSWER: Franz Liszt or Liszt Ferenc
b. [15]Four Last Songs, Variations on a Theme by Haydn
[5] Hungarian Dances
ANSWER: Johannes Brahms

5. Given a major Latin American city that is neither a capital nor the largest city, identify the country, for the stated number of points.
[5] Cartagena [car-ta-HAY-na] ANSWER: Colombia
[5] Belo Horizonte ANSWER: Brazil
[10] Rosario ANSWER: Argentina
[10] Bluefields ANSWER: Nicaragua

6. Five points each, name the three members of these trios.
a. The Eumenides, or FuriesANSWER: Alecto , Megaera , Tisiphone
b. The three HarpiesANSWER: Aello , Ocypete , Celaeno

7. Identify the following associated with property law, 10 points each.
a. This term refers to a right granted by one property owner to another to use a part of his land for a specific purpose.
ANSWER: easement
b. This two-word term refers to the power of a government to expropriate private property for public use.
ANSWER: eminent domain
c. In the US, property owners are compensated for takings by eminent domain, pursuant to which amendment to the US Constitution?
ANSWER: Amendment 5

8. Answer these questions on small units of measure, 10 points each.
a. Cell volumes are typically measured in terms of these units, with an exponent of -15.
ANSWER: fL or femtoliter s
b. A Joule is equal to 10 million of these units.
ANSWER: erg s
c. A Tesla is equal to 10,000 of these units.
ANSWER: Gauss [prompt on "G"]

9. Given a play by an Elizabethan Englishman not named Shakespeare, identify the playwright, for the stated number of points.
[10] Knight of the Burning Pestle ANSWER: Francis Beaumont
[10] The Alchemist ANSWER: Ben Jonson
[5] The Jew of Malta ANSWER: Christopher Marlowe

10. Identify these Congressmen all good liberals love to hate, 10 points each.
a. A former pesticide salesman, this Majority Whip and noted Clinton-hater from Texas is nicknamed "The Hammer."
ANSWER: Rep. Tom DeLay
b. This Georgia Judicary Committee Republican, recently the target of accusations from Larry Flynt, is notorious for his hostility to gay rights, gun control, and the President.
ANSWER: Rep. Bob Barr
c. Very few liberals will miss this short-tempered, recently retired Rules Committee chair from upstate New York.
ANSWER: Rep. Gerald A. Solomon

11. Answer these questions about a famous Supreme Court case, 10 ten points each.
a. Chief Justice Earl Warren, who presided over many a landmark decision, thought this 1962 decision about reapportionment of election districts was the most important of his tenure.
ANSWER: Baker v. Carr
b. Baker v. Carr centered around election districts in this Southern state.
ANSWER: Tennessee
c. This liberal wrote the majority opinion in Baker .
ANSWER: William Brennan

12. Given the song off Metallica's cover album Garage Inc. , identify the original artist for the stated number of points.
[5] "Turn the Page" ANSWER: Bob Seeger
[10] "Tuesday's Gone" ANSWER: Lynyrd Skynyrd
[15] "Last Caress" ANSWER: The Misfits

13. Identify these techniques with Italian terms used in painting, FTP each.
a. Also called "loaded brush," it refers to the technique of applying layers of oil paint to provide contrast, a favorite of Van Gogh.
ANSWER: impasto
b. Oops. This term refers to an artist painting over his mistakes or over elements intended to surface later, as in Rembrandt's Flora.
ANSWER: pentimento
c. From the Italian for "smoke," it describes a fusing of color to create a hazy effect, a favorite of Leonardo.
ANSWER: sfumato

14. Given two cities, identify the interstate highway that connects them, 10 points each.
a. Kansas City, MO and Denver, CO ANSWER: Interstate 70
b. Charlotte, NC and Beckley, WV ANSWER: Interstate 77
c. Dallas, TX and Shreveport, LA ANSWER: Interstate 20

15. 30-20-10-5. Name the author from works.
[30] Slapstick, Palm Sunday
[20] Hocus Pocus; God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater
[10] Mother Night, Breakfast of Champions
[5] Slaughterhouse-Five
ANSWER: Kurt Vonnegut , Jr.

16. Answer these questions about the interaction of hemispheres in the human brain, 10 points each.
a. This thick band of white matter connects the two brain hemispheres, and is often severed in epileptics to prevent grand mal seizures.
ANSWER: corpus callosum
b. This Caltech neurobiologist won the 1981 Nobel Prize in Medicine for his studies of hemispheric interaction by observing patients with a severed corpus callosum.
ANSWER: Roger Sperry
c. This 19th century French scientist was the first to theorize an asymmetry in brain hemispheres, attributing most linguistic skills to the left hemisphere.
ANSWER: Paul Broca

17. Answer these questions about the War of Spanish Succession, for ten points each.
a. The war was a consequence of the death of this king of Spain, who died childless
ANSWER: King Charles II of Spain
b. The war turned out to hurt France despite the fact that this grandson of Louis XIV ended up becoming the first Bourbon king of Spain.
ANSWER: King Philip V or Philip , duc d' [of] Anjou
c. It's not a QB tournament without a treaty question: what treaty ended the war in 1714?
ANSWER: Treaty of Utrecht

18. Answer the following questions about Shi'a Islam, 10 points each.
a. The Shi'a ascribe a quasi-messianic role to these people, who lead the prayers, who head a Muslim community.
ANSWER: Imam s
b. The different sects of Shi'a disagree on how many imams there are or were. The largest Shi'a sect, found mostly in Iran and neighboring countries, believes there are to be this many imams. ANSWER: twelve [HN: they are, in fact, called the "Twelvers"]
c. All Shi'a sects believe the first of the great imams was this fourth caliph and son-in-law of the prophet Muhammad. Name him.

19. Given the band popular with college radio, identify the famous US college town they are associated with, for the stated number of points.
[5] The Lemonheads ANSWER: Boston , MA
[5] Green Day ANSWER: Berkeley , CA
[10] The Dave Matthews Band ANSWER: Charlottesville , VA
[10] Ben Folds Five ANSWER: Chapel Hill , NC

20. Identify the oxidation number of nitrogen in the following compounds, for the stated number of points. [5] Nitric acid, HNO3 ANSWER: 5+ or +5
[5] Sodium nitrite, NaNO2 ANSWER: 3+ or +3
[10] Nitrous oxide, N2O ANSWER: 1+ or +1
[10] Ammonium chloride, NH4Cl ANSWER: 3- or -3

21. Identify these psychologists from their studies of the dark side of humanity, 15 points each.
a. In his 1954 work The Nature of Prejudice, he recognized prejudice as a labor saving device.
ANSWER: Gordon Allport
b. This psychologist used ethology in formulating his seminal work On Aggression.
ANSWER: Konrad Lorenz

22. Given the ode, identify the poet, for the stated number of points.
[10] "Ode To The West Wind" ANSWER: P ercy Bysshe Shelley
[15] "Ode Occassioned By The Death of Mr. Thompson" ANSWER: William Collins

23. 30-20-10. Name the artist from works.
[30] The House with Cracked Walls, Morning in Provence [pro-VOHNS]
[20] The Suicide's House, L'Estaque [lehs-TAHK]
[10] Boy in a Red Waistcoat, the series The Card Players, the series The Bathers
ANSWER: Paul Cézanne

24. Identify the following right-of-center polticians from overseas, 10 points each.
a. This Italian media magnate cruised to victory with his newly formed Forza Italia party in 1994, but like most Italian governments, it was short lived.
ANSWER: Silvio Berlusconi
b. This head of France's far-right National Front faces a badly split party, including a political conflict with members of his own family.
ANSWER: Jean-Marie Le Pen
c. Her anti-immigrant and anti-aboriginal "One Nation" Party remains strong in her home state of Queensland, but has pushed the governing Liberal Party to the right in Australia.
ANSWER: Pauline Hanson

25. We usually associate philosophical dialogue with Plato and other ancients, but Enlightenment thinkers liked them as well. Given the dialogue, name the Enlightenment thinker, 10 points each.
a. Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonius ANSWER: Bishop George Berkeley [BARK-lee]
b. Dialogues Concerning National Religion ANSWER: David Hume
c. New Dialogues of the Dead ANSWER: Bernard le Bouvier Fontenelle

26. Name the following Hong Kong action stars trying to make it in America, for 10 points each.
a. The star of CBS's Martial Law, this Hong Kong actor and director starred in such movies as Enter the Fat Dragon and Millionaire's Express.
ANSWER: Sammo Hung
b. One of Asia's best-known stars in Asia, he starred in The Killer and Learned Bride Thrice Fools Bridegroom before his first US movie, The Replacement Killers.
ANSWER: Chow Yun-Fat
c. This woman starred with Jackie Chan as the mainland Chinese policewoman in Supercop . Her first US role was the butt-kicking Chinese spy in the Bond film Tomorrow Never Dies.
ANSWER: Michelle Yeoh or Michelle Khan
27. Given a description of one of America's most affluent counties, name it, 10 points each.
a. This name is shared by two demographically comparable counties--one of Philadelphia's northwestern suburbs, the other of Maryland's Washington suburbs to the northwest.
ANSWER: Montgomery County (MD and PA)
b. Many people, predominantly whites, have been leaving Miami and Dade County for its northern neighbor, whose largest city is Fort Lauderdale.
ANSWER: Broward County (FL)
c. This county has the highest per capita income in the nation.
ANSWER: Fairfield County (CT)

28. 30-20-10. Name the playwright from works.
[30] On the High Road, The Bear
[20] The Jubilee, The Wedding
[10] The Seagull, The Cherry Orchard
ANSWER: Anton Pavlovich Chekhov

29. Ten points each, give the name by which these diseases are better known.
a. Hansen's Disease ANSWER: Leprosy
b. Trypanosomiasis ANSWER: African sleeping sickness
c. Infection by Rickettsia ricketsii ANSWER: R ocky M ountain S potted F ever

30. Damn those Atlanta Falcons! Now I have to change my bonus!
[4x5] Four NFC teams, excluding the Panthers, have never made the Super Bowl. Five points each, name them.
ANSWER: Arizona or Cardinals , Detroit or Lions ,
Tampa Bay or Buccaneers , New Orleans or Saints
[2x5] Second, odd as it may seem, three NFC teams besides Atlanta have made, but never won, a Super Bowl. Five points each, name any two .
ANSWER: St. Louis or Rams [0-1], Philadelphia or Eagles [0-1],
Minnesota or Vikings [0-4]